Windows PowerShell Commands Cheat Sheet (PDF), tips and lists (2023)

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  2. Cheat sheet for Windows PowerShell commands

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We break down what Windows PowerShell is and provide a definitive downloadable versionPowerShell Command Cheat Sheet(PDF) as a quick reference to get started and run your own commands.

tim carey Network Administration Specialist

UPDATED:January 9, 2023

When it comes to executing commands in Windows, PowerShell has become an ace up your sleeve. For years, enthusiasts were constrained by the confines of the Windows command line, but in 2006, PowerShell emerged as a powerful alternative.

Era o Windows PowerShell?

Power Shellit's interactivecommand line interface(CLI) and automation engine developed by Microsoft to design system configurations and automate management tasks.

This tool has its own command line with a unique Perl-like programming language. PowerShell was originally developed to manage objects on users' computers.

Today, PowerShell provides users with a rich environment to perform and automate system administration tasks. The user can programmatically access resources from Active Directory to Exchange Server. In essence, PowerShell allows the user to access:

  • command prompt
  • PowerShell Commands
  • API of .NET Framework
  • Windows Management Instrumentation
  • Windows Component Object Model

As PowerShell has become an open source application, Linux and Unix based users can now access this versatile platform. PowerShell is primarily used to help users automate administrative tasks. Instead of performing tedious and repetitive tasks, the user can simply create scripts and issue commands, and PowerShell will complete them automatically. The user can customize hundreds of commands, calledcmdlets.

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(Video) 15 Useful PowerShell Commands for Beginners | Learn Microsoft PowerShell

List of PowerShell commands

Here are 25 basic PowerShell commands:

command namePseudonymDescription
choose locationcd, chdir, slSets the current work location to a specific location.
get the contentcat, gc, guyGets the content of the element at the specified position.
add contentC.AAdd content to specific elements, e.g. B. add words to a file.
define contentSouth CarolinaWrite or replace the content of an element with new content.
copy itemcopy, cp, cpiCopies an item from one location to another.
remover elementdel, delete, rd, ri, rm, rmdirExcludes the specified items.
motion elementmi, agent of changes, plMoves an item from one location to another.
set of itemsmiChanges the value of an element to the value specified in the command.
new itememCreate a new item.
Start-JobverStarts a Windows PowerShell background job.
comparison objectcompare, distinguishCompare two sets of objects.
group objectgroupGroups objects that contain the same value for specified properties.
Invoke-WebRequestrizo, ywr, wgetRetrieves the content of a web page on the Internet.
measure objectmeasureCalculates numeric properties of objects and characters, words, and lines in string objects such as files...
resolution pathrvpaResolves wildcards in a path and displays the contents of the path.
resume workRujbRestarts a suspended job
variable-setprayer, s.v.Sets the value of a variable. Creates the variable if none exists with the requested name.
show commandschcmCreate Windows PowerShell commands in a graphical command window.
classify objectsort bySorts objects by property values.
service beginssasvStarts one or more stopped services.
startup processjuices startStarts one or more processes on the local computer.
work suspendedsujbTemporarily stops workflow jobs.
job on holdwjbSuppresses the command prompt until one or all of the Windows PowerShell background jobs running in the session...
where object?, WoSelects objects from a collection based on their property values.
record outputecho writeSends the specified objects to the next command in the pipeline. If the command is the last command in the pipeline,...

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Windows PowerShell Commands Cheat Sheet (PDF), tips and lists (2)

How to use Windows PowerShell

PowerShell is ideal for enterprise administrators who perform complex management operationslarge corporate networks. Instead of manually collecting information about hundreds of different servers and services (which would take a long time), simply run a PowerShell script to automatically send you the information.

In general, PowerShell is most beneficial for users who already have experience with the command line. To use PowerShell, you can run a variety of .NET cmdlets, scripts, executables, and classes. For the purposes of this article, we'll mainly focus on cmdlets and scripts to help you get started with the basics.

Udemy has severalTop Rated Courses in PowerShellthat you may find useful.

PowerShell vs Command Prompt

For many users, PowerShell is a better command prompt alternative. The reason is that it simply has more power. One of the biggest differences is that PowerShell uses cmdlets instead of commands. Cmdlets put Windows administration instrumentation and registry management within the administrative reach of users. By contrast, Command Prompt is limited to much simpler commands.

There is some syntactic overlap between the two platforms, as PowerShell accepts some command prompt commands likeipconfigtocd. However, they are called aliases instead of cmdlets. Another important difference is that PowerShell is object-centric. Any data returned by a cmdlet is an object instead of text. This makes it easier for the user to navigate complex data. The inclusion of the .NET framework also allows PowerShell scripts to use .NET interfaces. In short, PowerShell is a command prompt on steroids.

Loaded from PowerShell

Before we dive into the basics of using PowerShell, you must first access its main interface. If you're a Windows 10 user, you already have access to PowerShell 5. Windows 8-8.1 users have access to PowerShell 4, but if you're using Windows 7, you should.installwithin a .NET framework. PowerShell offers two different interfaces on all operating systems.

The most advanced is the Integrated Scripting Environment, which acts as a complete GUI for advanced users. The basic alternative is the PowerShell console, which provides a command line for the user to enter their commands. Beginners are recommended to stick with the latter until they learn the basics of PowerShell.

To start PowerShell in Windows 10, you must be an administrator. Login as administrator, clickTo startand scroll through your apps until you find themWindows PowerShell. Right click and selectExecute as an administrator. In Windows 8.1, simply search for PowerShell in yourSystemBinder. Also, on Windows 7, the default location for PowerShell is dasaccessoriesfolder after installing the program.

What are the different ways to run PowerShell as administrator?

  1. Press WIN + R, typePower Shell, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. ClickOKexecute as an administrator.
  2. Type powershell in the search box on the taskbar. ChooseExecute as an administratorin the list of options in the right pane of the results list.
  3. Open command prompt, typeenergy shell,and press Enter. Boypowershell startup process -verb runasand press Enter.
  4. * also type in command promptpeople /netonly /user:Remote Domain\Administrador-Powershell(substitute a URL or hostname for RemoteDomain)

*A note about option 4 on this list:

O/netonlyoption ofsettingapplies a user account to remote targets. So in this case, you want to run PowerShell as administrator on a computer identified by RemoteDomain. The administrator account is active on this remote device and not on the local computer. Therefore, when prompted, enter the password for the administrator account, not the password for the administrator account on the local computer.

how to run cmdlets

In short, onecmdletis a single function command. Type cmdlets on the command line just as you would with a traditional command or utility. Cmdlets are the primary way to interact with the command line interface.

In PowerShell, most cmdlets are written in C# and consist of statements to execute a function that returns a .NET object.

More than 200 cmdlets can be used in PowerShell. The Windows PowerShell prompt is not case sensitive, so these commands can be entered in either upper or lower case. The main cmdlets are listed below:

  • get location- Get current directory
  • choose location- Get current directory
  • move element- Move a file to a new location
  • copy copy- Copy a file to a new location
  • rename– item Rename an existing file
  • new item- Create a new file

For a full list of available commands, seeget commandcmdlet. On the command line, you would type:

PS C:\> Get command

It's important to note that Microsoft's default settings prevent users from using custom PowerShell cmdlets. To use the PowerShell cmdlets, you must haveexecution policyoutsideRestrictedForRemoteSigned.remotely signedallows you to run your own scripts, but stops other users' unsigned scripts.

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To change your execution policy, enter the following PowerShell command:

PS C:\> Set Execution Policy

ChangeRemoteSigned, enter the following command:

PS C:\> Establecer-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned

Make sure you have an administrator account to have permission to set a new execution policy.

How to run PowerShell scripts

Scripted processes and commands are part of the foundation of PowerShell's versatility. In PowerShell, a script is essentially a text file with a ps1 extension in the file name. To create a new script, simply open Notepad, type your commands, and save them with ".ps1" at the end of the name.

To run a script, enter its folder and filename in the PowerShell window:

PD c:\powershell\mynewscript.ps1

After doing this, the selected script will be executed.

Do you want to create your own PowerShell scripts?Nearly 5,000 students participatedThis Udemy course on Advanced Scripting with PowerShell.

Overlay with Windows commands

If you're new to PowerShell, experimenting and learning a new command library can be overwhelming. However, what most new users don't realize is that the syntax used in the Windows command line overlaps with PowerShell. This is facilitated by the fact that PowerShell is not case sensitive.

Similar to command prompt in PowerShell dataCDthe command still changes directory, anddirectoryit even provides a list of files in the selected folder. So it's important to remember that you're not necessarily starting from scratch. With this in mind, you can shorten the learning curve when using PowerShell and reduce the number of new commands you have to learn.

However, it is important to note that these are not considered full PowerShell commands, but aliases (the PowerShell name for Windows Command Prompt commands). So while you can try some command prompt commands in PowerShell, learn as much as you can about the new ones. However, the Command Prompt experience can definitely help new users get familiar with PowerShell and get started right away.

Backup a SQL database with PowerShell

Many people use PowerShell to back up SQL databases. The command line interface can perform full database backups, file backups, and transaction log backups. There are many ways to back up a database in PowerShell, but one of the easiest is to use theBackup-SqlDatabaseDomain. For example:

PS C:\> Backup-SqlDatabase -ServerINstance „Computer\Instance“ -Datenbank „Databasecentral“

This will create a database backup of a database called "Databasecentral" (or whatever database name you choose).

To dump a transaction log, you would type:

PS C:\> Backup-SqlDatabase -ServerInstance „Computer\Instance“ -Datenbank „Databasecentral“ -BackupAction Log

This creates a transaction log for the selected database.

The essential PowerShell commands

Using aliases will only get you so far in PowerShell, so it's important to commit to learning as much as you can about native PowerShell commands. We've covered a few of them above, but we'll detail the main ones below.

get help

This command should be at the top of every new user's list when it comes to PowerShell. The Get-Help command can be used to get help on literally any other PowerShell command. For example, if you know the name of a command but don't know what it does or how to use it, the Get-Help command provides the complete syntax for the command.

For example,If you want to see how Get-Process works, type:

PS C:\>Get-Help-Name Get-Process
PS C:\> Set Execution Policy

As mentioned earlier in this guide, Microsoft has a strict execution policy that prevents scripting in PowerShell unless you change it. When configuring the execution policy, you have four options to choose from:

  • Restricted- The default execution policy that stops script execution.
  • all signed- Run scripts if they are signed by a trusted publisher
  • remotely signed- Run locally created scripts
  • unrestricted– An unrestricted policy on script execution
PS C:\> Get-ExecutionPolicy

When using PowerShell, you won't always be working on a server you're familiar with. running the commandGet execution policyyou can see which policy is active on the server before running a new script. Then, when you notice that the server in question is operating under a strict policy, you can implement it.Establecer-ExecutionPolicycommand to change it.

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get service

One of the most important commands isget service, which provides the user with a list of all services installed on the system, both running and stopped. This cmdlet can be controlled by specific names or service objects.

For example, if you were writingPS C:\> Get Service, you will see a list of all the services on your computer, their status and friendly names.

To use this command to get specific services, type:PS C:\ Get service „WMI*“to get all services from WMI.

If you want to limit the output to active services on your computer, enter the following command:

PD C:\ Get service | Where-Object {$_.Status -eq "Executing"}

Convert to HTML

If you are using PowerShell, you may want to create a report of the information that is displayed. One of the best ways to do this is by usingConvert to HTMLDomain. This cmdlet allows you to create reports with tables and colors that can help you visualize complex data. Just select an object and add it to the command.

For example, you could enter:

Get PSDrive | Convert to HTML

This returns a lot of information, so it's a good idea to limit this to a file with the out-file command. A better alternative command is:

Get-PSD-Laufwerk | Convert to HTML | Output File -FilePath PSDrives.html

From there, an HTML file is generated in tabular format. For example:

You can add your own colors and borders to refine the presentation.

Export CSV (and get service)

No less important to increase visibility is the Export CSV command. Allows you to export data from PowerShell to a CSV file. Essentially, this command creates a CSV file that builds all the selected objects into PowerShell. Each object has its own row or line within the CSV file. This command is mainly used to create spreadsheets and share data with external programs.

To use this command, you would type:

PD C:\> Get service | Export-CSV c:\service.csv

It is important to remember not to format objects before running the export csv command. This is because the object formatting results in only the formatted properties being included in the CSV file and not the original objects themselves. If you want to send specific properties of an object to a CSV file, use theselect objectcmdlet.

use theselect objectcmdlet, type:

PS C:\> Get Service | select-object-name, state | Export CSV c:\Service.csv

get process

If you want to see all the processes running on your system, you can use theget processCommand is very important. To get a list of all active processes on your computer, type:

PS C:\ Get Process

Please note that if you do not specify any parameters, you will get an analysis of all active processes on your computer. To select a specific process, narrow the results by name or process ID and combine them with thelist of formatsA cmdlet that displays all available properties. For example:

PS C:\ Get-Process windowrd, Explorer | List-Format*

This provides a complete overview of all active processes.

Get event log

If you want to access your computer's event logs (or logs on remote computers) while using PowerShell, you'll need theGet event logDomain. This cmdlet only works with classic event logs, so you need theGet-WinEventCommand for protocols after Windows Vista.

ForRun event log command, Write it:

PD C:\> Get-EventLog-Liste

This will display all the event logs on your computer.

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One of the most common reasons users consult event logs is to detect errors. If you wantview error events in your log, Type only:

PS C:\> Get-EventLog -LogName System -EntryType Error

If you wantRetrieve event logs from multiple computers, specify which devices you want to see (listed below as Server1 and Server2). For example:

PS C:\> Get-EventLog - Protokollname „Windows PowerShell“ -Computername „Lokaler Computer“, „Server1“, „Server2“.
Parameters that you can use to search for event logs include:
AfterThe user specifies a date and time, and the cmdlet looks for events that occurred after that
as basic objectProvides a System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntry for each event
like ropeReturns the output as strings
BeforeThe user provides a date and time, and the cmdlet looks for events that occurred previously.
computer nameUsed to refer to a remote computer
input typeSpecifies the type of event input (error, audit failed, audit successful, info, warning)
IndexSpecifies index values ​​at which the cmdlet finds events
ListProvides a list of event logs.
UsernameSpecifies usernames associated with a specific event

stop the process

When using PowerShell, it's not uncommon for a process to freeze. Whenever this happens, you can useget processto get the name of the process that is having problems and then stop it with thestop the processDomain.

Generally, you kill a process by its name. For example:

PS C:\> stop process -name "notepad"

In this example, the user exited Notepad usingstop the processDomain.

PowerShell: a powerful command line interface

While the transition to PowerShell may seem quite complex, the command line interface works just like any other. You can have your own unique cmdlets, but a variety of online resources can help you with any administrative task you can think of. To get the most out of PowerShell, all you have to do is get used to the variety of commands available.

As a new user, it's easy to be intimidated by PowerShell's 200+ cmdlets. Be sure to start with the command line interface before moving on to the full GUI. Whether you're new to PowerShell or new to command line interfaces, there's more than enough information online to help you get the most out of this powerful tool.

PowerShell Community Resources

Frequently asked questions about PowerShell commands

How do I navigate in Windows PowerShell?

The most important navigation actions to know for PowerShell are how to sign in and how to sign out. The easiest way to access the PowerShell environment is by typingPower Shellin the search field on the taskbar. PowerShell runs in its own window, so you can close it by simply clickingXin the upper right corner of the window frame. The correct way to close the window is to entersalidaand the command prompt. Default Command Prompt navigation commands work in PowerShell, so use themCDto change directory. Type a drive letter followed by a colon (eg.D:) to switch to another unit.

Is Windows PowerShell the same as Command Prompt?

PowerShell is an evolution of the command prompt because its shell scripting capabilities include better scripting constructs than are available for batch jobs at the command prompt. All command prompt commands are available in PowerShell, but PowerShell has additional commands and utilities called cmdlets. Think of PowerShell as command prompt +.

How do I learn bash script?

Bash scripting is a Unix shell script. Since Linux is an adaptation of Unix, a shell script written for Linux is often called a bash script. There are many online tutorials for creating a bash script. To avoid confusion, try not to call a PowerShell script a bash script.

How can I set command prompt as default instead of PowerShell?

When you press WIN + X, you now get a PowerShell window instead of the old command prompt. To stay at the command prompt, go to the Start menu and clickIdeas. Select Settings in the menupersonalization. Choosetaskbarin the menu on the left of the Personalization Settings window. Search in the main area of ​​this windowIn the menu, replace Command Prompt with Windows PowerShell by right-clicking the Start button or pressing Windows Key + X. define itOutside.

What are the different ways to run PowerShell as administrator?

  1. Press WIN + R, typePower Shell, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. ClickOKexecute as an administrator.
  2. Type powershell in the search box on the taskbar. ChooseExecute as an administratorin the list of options in the right pane of the results list.
  3. Open command prompt, typeenergy shell,and press Enter. Boypowershell startup process -verb runasand press Enter.

How do I run PowerShell commands?

You can run PowerShell commands in a command prompt window in the following format:Powershell-Befehl " <PowerShellCode> "but enclose your powershell command in quotes<PowerShell code>. If the PowerShell command requires a quoted value, use single quotes instead of double quotes. The surrounding quotes in the example here should be preserved as double quotes.

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How do I get a list of all PowerShell commands? ›

Description. The Get-Command cmdlet gets all commands that are installed on the computer, including cmdlets, aliases, functions, filters, scripts, and applications. Get-Command gets the commands from PowerShell modules and commands that were imported from other sessions.

How do I get full help PowerShell? ›

To get help for a PowerShell provider, type Get-Help followed by the provider name. For example, to get help for the Certificate provider, type Get-Help Certificate . You can also type help or man , which displays one screen of text at a time.

What does $_ mean in PowerShell? ›

$_ is a variable created by the system usually inside block expressions that are referenced by cmdlets that are used with pipe such as Where-Object and ForEach-Object . But it can be used also in other types of expressions, for example with Select-Object combined with expression properties.

How many PowerShell commands are there? ›

Over 200 cmdlets can be used in PowerShell.

How do I get a list of commands? ›

You can open the Command Prompt by pressing ⊞ Win + R to open the Run box and typing cmd . Windows 8 users can also press ⊞ Win + X and select Command Prompt from the menu. Retrieve the list of commands. Type help and press ↵ Enter .

What cool stuff can you do with PowerShell? ›

The uses of PowerShell include adding and deleting accounts, editing groups, and creating listings to view specific types of users or groups. You can also choose to use the Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE), a graphic user interface that lets you run commands and create or test scripts.

What does $I mean in PowerShell? ›

In the prefix case, the value of $i is incremented before being output. In the postfix case, the value of $i is incremented after being output. You can also use this technique In the context of a conditional statement, such as the if statement. PowerShell Copy. if ($textFiles = Get-ChildItem *.txt) { $textFiles.Count }

What is :$ false in PowerShell? ›

PowerShell uses boolean values to determine whether something is true or false. These values are denoted as $True or $False, where the “$True” boolean value is equivalent to “1” and “$False” is equivalent to “0”.

What is @() in PowerShell script? ›

What is @() in PowerShell Script? In PowerShell, the array subexpression operator “@()” is used to create an array. To do that, the array sub-expression operator takes the statements within the parentheses and produces the array of objects depending upon the statements specified in it.

What is $($ variable in PowerShell? ›

A variable is a unit of memory in which values are stored. In PowerShell, variables are represented by text strings that begin with a dollar sign ( $ ), such as $a , $process , or $my_var . Variable names aren't case-sensitive, and can include spaces and special characters.

Can you do everything in PowerShell? ›

Every command you run on the Command Prompt can also be run using Powershell either natively or using aliases. You can think of CMD as the 'subset' of Powershell. Many system administration tasks like registry management can be done using powershell but not from CMD.

How do I trigger a PowerShell script? ›

In File Explorer (or Windows Explorer), right-click the script file name and then select "Run with PowerShell". The "Run with PowerShell" feature starts a PowerShell session that has an execution policy of Bypass, runs the script, and closes the session.

How do I get all properties in PowerShell? ›

To get the object properties, the Get-member cmdlet is used in PowerShell. Specify a cmdlet, use the pipeline operator, and then type the Get-Member cmdlet to see all of the properties available from the specified command.

What is difference between CMD and PowerShell? ›

Cmd is used primarily to execute batch commands and do some primary troubleshooting, whereas PowerShell can be used for executing batch commands as well as administrative purposes. Scripts can also be written in PowerShell to automate the tasks.

Is PowerShell coding? ›

PowerShell is an object-oriented programming language associated to the PowerShell command-line shell. Object-oriented means, that it uses objects to transfer data.

What is the best use for PowerShell? ›

As a scripting language, PowerShell is commonly used for automating the management of systems. It is also used to build, test, and deploy solutions, often in CI/CD environments.

What is the shell command to list all the commands? ›

ls. The 'ls' command lists the contents of either the current directory or the directories listed on the command line.

How do I list all commands in Command Prompt? ›

Step 1: Open the Command Prompt by clicking on the Start Menu and typing cmd. Alternatively, one can also use a shortcut- Ctrl+R (key), and on the Run dialogue box, type cmd, and press Enter. Step 2: In order to retrieve the list of commands- Type Help and press Enter.

What is the simplest PowerShell command? ›

Out-File. Out-File is the simplest PowerShell command to just save the output of your PowerShell cmdlet(s) to a raw text file somewhere on your computer.

What are 3 benefits of PowerShell? ›

Top 12 Advantages of PowerShell
  • Extensible format system. Using PowerShell, it is straightforward for a user to format his input and get an output however he wants. ...
  • Built-in data formats. ...
  • Extended type system. ...
  • Secure scripting engine. ...
  • Self-service development. ...
  • Consistent API. ...
  • Easy automation. ...
  • Cross-product composability.
Aug 26, 2022

What are the most common data types used in PowerShell? ›

There are two real (or floating-point) types:
  • Type float uses the 32-bit IEEE single-precision representation.
  • Type double uses the 64-bit IEEE double-precision representation.
Jun 10, 2021

Why do hackers use PowerShell? ›

PowerShell was used to carry out the critical piece of the attack. The PowerShell script was used to disable Windows Defender's antivirus prevention capabilities like real-time detection, script and file scanning and a host-based intrusion prevention system.

Is PowerShell a skill? ›

If you're not looking at jumping on the DevOps bandwagon, PowerShell is still a great skill to have. Scripting routine tasks saves time and delivers predictable results, ultimately making you a more efficient sysadmin.

Why is PowerShell so powerful? ›

PowerShell is a powerful post-exploitation tool that allows pen testers to explore a large attack surface and exploit many attack possibilities. By understanding PowerShell, they can understand the hacker mindset and subvert it to run malware and stealthily gather enterprise data.

What does I ++ mean in PowerShell? ›

(++$i) ... pre-increment: increments the value of $i to 2 and outputs that value. ($i++) ... post-decrement: outputs 2 , the current value, then increments the value to 3 .

What does F mean in PowerShell? ›

The -f operator formats strings. -f is a shorthand form for the String. Format function.

What is N and E in PowerShell? ›

N is Name and E is Expression (you can also spell out Name and Expression ). Specifying a hashtable as a parameter to Select-Object creates a calculated property. See help Select-Object for some examples. – Bill_Stewart.

What are PowerShell attacks? ›

Obfuscation of PowerShell scripts takes many forms. Attacks essentially hide commands from security software through clever techniques such as encoding and escaping.

What does $true mean in PowerShell? ›

$true is effectively the PowerShell "literal" (technically a constant variable) for a boolean. Coercion is common for dynamic languages that allow a range of conditions to be simplified; look at JavaScript and others. It's simply a direction of language design, not merely a mistake.

How do you catch errors in PowerShell? ›

Use the try block to define a section of a script in which you want PowerShell to monitor for errors. When an error occurs within the try block, the error is first saved to the $Error automatic variable. PowerShell then searches for a catch block to handle the error.

What are the three types of variables? ›

An experimental inquiry typically has three main types of variables: an independent variable, a dependent variable and controlled variables.

What are functions in PowerShell? ›

A function is a list of PowerShell statements that has a name that you assign. When you run a function, you type the function name. The statements in the list run as if you had typed them at the command prompt. Functions can be as simple as: PowerShell Copy.

How do I see PowerShell commands? ›

To find the commands in a module, select the module from the Modules drop-down list. To select a command, click the command name. To use the command window, select a command, either by using the Name or by clicking the command name in the Commands list. Each parameter set is displayed on a separate tab.

How do I get command history in PowerShell? ›

Viewing PowerShell Command History on Windows

In the PowerShell console, the last command you typed appears when you press the Up key. If you continue to press the “up” key, you will see all the commands executed earlier.

What PowerShell command lists all of the contents of a directory? ›

Get-ChildItem displays the files and directories in the PowerShell console. By default Get-ChildItem lists the mode (Attributes), LastWriteTime, file size (Length), and the Name of the item.

How do I see all processes in PowerShell? ›

Get-Process: Display Processes in PowerShell

You can use the Cmdlet Get-Process to display all running processes on a computer. By default, the list of processes is sorted alphabetically in descending order.

What cool things can you do with PowerShell? ›

The uses of PowerShell include adding and deleting accounts, editing groups, and creating listings to view specific types of users or groups. You can also choose to use the Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE), a graphic user interface that lets you run commands and create or test scripts.

What is PowerShell and basic commands? ›

PowerShell is a scripting language that helps administrators to automate tasks and manage operating systems like Linux, Windows, macOS, and their processes. It is an open-source command-line shell and scripting language built-in dot net.

What PowerShell command will list all verbs? ›

The PowerShell language and a rare few cmdlets use these verbs under exceptional circumstances. You may get a complete list of verbs using the Get-Verb cmdlet.

What does F7 do in PowerShell? ›

If you have been entering several commands in a console screen, pressing the F7 function key displays a menu of the previously executed commands, as Figure 2.2 shows. Figure 2.2. Pressing the F7 function key presents a command history menu. Use the arrow keys to change the selection in the menu.

What is doskey command? ›

DOSKEY is a command for DOS, IBM OS/2, Microsoft Windows, and ReactOS that adds command history, macro functionality, and improved editing features to the command-line interpreters COMMAND.COM and cmd.exe .

What is the default history commands in PowerShell? ›

By, default, Get-History gets all entries in the session history. If you use both the Count and Id parameters in a command, the display ends with the command that is specified by the Id parameter. In Windows PowerShell 2.0, by default, Get-History gets the 32 most recent entries.

How do I find hidden files in PowerShell? ›

Show hidden files with PowerShell on Windows 10
  1. Open Start.
  2. Search for PowerShell, right-click the top result, and select the Run as administrator option.
  3. Type the following command to view all the hidden files and folders for the location and press Enter: dir -Force.
Jul 11, 2022

How do you get a list of all files in a directory? ›

  1. To list all files in the current directory, type the following: ls -a This lists all files, including. dot (.) ...
  2. To display detailed information, type the following: ls -l chap1 .profile. ...
  3. To display detailed information about a directory, type the following: ls -d -l .

What command shows all processes? ›

You can use the ps command to find out which processes are running and display information about those processes. The ps command has several flags that enable you to specify which processes to list and what information to display about each process.

How do I show all variables in PowerShell? ›

To view all environment variables in the current PowerShell session, you can run the command: Get-ChildItem Env: This is equivalent to running the Set command in Cmd.exe.

How do you find out all processes that are currently running? ›

You can list running processes using the ps command (ps means process status). The ps command displays your currently running processes in real-time. This will display the process for the current shell with four columns: PID returns the unique process ID.


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